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Ulcerative colitis treatment in Germany

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Last Updated on December 5, 2019

Ulcerative colitis is one of the most complex problems of modern gastroenterology. It is based on a diffuse ulcerative inflammatory lesion of the colon. Ulcerative colitis is clinically manifested by intestinal bleeding, the presence of blood and pus in the stool, which becomes predominantly liquid. At the same time, the disease often makes its debut with various extraintestinal manifestations, which causes certain difficulties in its diagnostic at the early stages.

Ulcerative colitis is one of the most complex problems of modern gastroenterology. It is based on a diffuse ulcerative inflammatory lesion of the colon. Ulcerative colitis is clinically manifested by intestinal bleeding, the presence of blood and pus in the stool, which becomes predominantly liquid. At the same time, the disease often makes its debut with various extraintestinal manifestations, which causes certain difficulties in its diagnostic at the early stages.

Ulcerative colitis treatment in Germany

Ulcerative colitis is one of the most complex problems of modern gastroenterology. It is based on a diffuse ulcerative inflammatory lesion of the colon. Ulcerative colitis is clinically manifested by intestinal bleeding, the presence of blood and pus in the stool, which becomes predominantly liquid. At the same time, the disease often makes its debut with various extraintestinal manifestations, which causes certain difficulties in its diagnostic at the early stages.

Causes of ulcerative colitis

At the moment, the true causes of the disease and the mechanism of its development have not been established. There are also a number of factors that provoke its occurrence, these include:

  • Infectious diseases
  • Genetic factors
  • Food allergies
  • Changes in the intestinal microflora
  • Chronic stress
  • Alcoholism

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

Symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the inflammation and its localization. For this reason, the disease is usually classified by localization. General symptomatic manifestations include:

  • Persistent weakness
  • Drowsiness
  • Depressive mood
  • Decreased appetite
  • Deficiency of vitamins
  • Dehydration
  • Constant pain in the joints and muscles

 Local symptomatic manifestations:

  • Development of intestinal bleeding
  • Blood streaks in the feces, during the period of exacerbation
  • Admixture of mucus in the feces
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • False urge to defecate
  • Pain and abdominal cramps that are more severe after bowel movement

Diagnostics of ulcerative colitis

Before determining ulcerative colitis treatment, a doctor establishes the diagnosis after excluding other possible causes of the symptoms. In order to confirm the diagnosis, you may undergo the following studies:

  • Blood analysis. A complete blood count can reveal anemia (a condition in which the blood is not able to transport oxygen adequately due to a reduced number of red blood cells) or to detect the presence of infection.
  • Stool analysis. White blood cells in the stool may indicate the presence of ulcer colitis. Stool analysis will also exclude other causes – infectious and parasitic.
  • Colonoscopy. This test allows the doctor to examine the entire colon using a thin, flexible, tube equipped with a camera and a light source. During the procedure, a biopsy is also performed in order to determine the type of affected tissue and to exclude malignancies.
  • Flexible sigmoscopy. During this procedure, the doctor uses a thin, flexible, tube a light source in order to examine the sigmoid colon and the penultimate colon.
  • Roentgenography. More often made to exclude perforation.
  • CT scan. CT scan of the abdominal cavity and pelvis allows to identify complications and can also display the degree of inflammation in the colon.

Treatment of ulcerative colitis

The type of medication depends on the severity of general condition of the patient. Medicines that help some people have no effect on the others.

Gastroenterologists currently use many unique methods for the ulcerative colitis treatment in Germany. One of them is the method of conservative treatment using an endoscope. For foreigners who want to start treatment in Germany it will be more convenient to follow the link ulcerative colitis treatment in Germany and use the help Booking Health. Booking Health is a world-renowned medical tourism provider that has been helping patients from other countries with receiving treatment in Germany for over 10 years.

The surgery in hospitals is performed according to emergency indications (perforation of the intestine or its threat, massive bleeding), as well as with the development of carcinoma in the affected intestine. Often, an indication for surgical intervention is a long, exhausting course of colitis, especially with growth retardation in children, which develops against the background of an intensive drug therapy that was not successful.