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Last Updated on April 27, 2022
As of 2022, cannabis is legal for recreational use in eighteen states. There are even more states slated to pass recreational use laws in the future, so growing marijuana is more common than ever before. Now the supplies a person needs to get started are easy to find, including high-quality cannabis seeds.
As growing cannabis becomes more common, people are starting to consider if they have the setup to do it at home. While growing marijuana is not rocket science, there are a few important things to know before getting started. Check out the information below to get an idea of what is needed for growing cannabis seeds at home.
Cannabis is Called “Weed” For a Reason
There is a reason that cannabis earned “weed” as a nickname. The plant itself does not require a lot of attention and can survive if a few key key conditions are met. While people may get buds even if they neglect their plants, it is important to note that the better the growing conditions, the better the quality will be.
Growing indoors in a person’s home takes a little more prep work than growing outdoors. However, growing indoors helps avoid some of the major complications of growing any plant, including subjecting it to insects and diseases. The information below should help get curious would-be growers get started.
Investing in a high-quality soil mix is the best way to start any indoor grow off on the right foot. Cannabis plants like to stay moist, but oversaturation can be devastating. It is best to use a mix that contains between 30% and 40% perlite for optimal drainage, which helps avoid root rot.
Several companies offer cannabis-specific soil mix options. However, using any high-quality organic mix that has the right level of drainage capabilities should suffice. It is crucial to avoid soil mixes that have fertilizer already added to them, as these are unlikely to provide the right nutrient levels for cannabis plants and could end up doing more harm than good.
Lighting is one of the most important factors to consider when setting up a grow area inside the home. Unless a person chooses autoflower seeds, cannabis is a photoperiodic plant. This means that, during the vegetative stage, cannabis plants need 18 to 24 hours of light and will transition to the flowering phase when light hours are reduced to 12 or fewer hours. The best way to avoid having to watch this closely is to invest in a full-spectrum grow light that operates on a timer.
Cannabis plants are considered heavy feeders, which means they need to be given high-quality fertilizer on a regular schedule. Cannabis plants need a nutrient solution that is high in nitrogen during the vegetative stage when they are putting on a lot of bulk. During the flowering stage, they require much less nitrogen and, instead, need a nutrient solution that is high in phosphorus to promote bud growth.
Similar to soil, there are several cannabis-specific nutrient solutions and fertilizers commercially available. Unlike soil, using a generic nutrient solution is not always the best idea. Instead, it is better to use a nutrient solution with an NPK rating that has been tailored specifically for marijuana plants and includes instructions on how to use it.
The Bottom Line
Growing cannabis can be a rewarding hobby, especially for people who are already avid gardeners. However, you don’t need to have a green thumb to get good results when growing cannabis. Starting with high-quality seeds and a decent setup will have even the most novice growers on their way to harvesting decent cannabis buds in no time.